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UNI

No. 24
Uniswap
Margin
DeFi
DEX
BNB Chain
UNI Price Today
0
USD
-3.47%
Lower Price
0
Upper Price
0
24H Value(USD)
0
Total Market Cap(USD)
0
Circulating Market Cap (USD)
0
Total Circulation
598.93M
59.89%
Total Supply
1.00B

Price

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Coin Introduction

About Uniswap (UNI)

What is Uniswap?

Uniswap is a prominent decentralized exchange (DEX) protocol built on the Ethereum blockchain. It is widely recognized as the world's biggest decentralized crypto exchange by volume . Uniswap allows users to swap tokens without the involvement of middlemen, thanks to its automated market maker (AMM) system . This system is based on a set of on-chain, immutable smart contracts that facilitate peer-to-peer transactions .

Uniswap has gained popularity due to its high liquidity and minimal slippage, making it a go-to choice for investors looking to swap Ethereum and ERC-20 tokens . It also supports various other blockchains, including BNB Smart Chain, Arbitrum, Optimism, Polygon, and Celo. This wide range of supported blockchains contributes to Uniswap's position as a leading decentralized exchange protocol in the DeFi ecosystem

In terms of its relationship with Uniswap Labs, it's important to understand that Uniswap Labs is a software development studio that builds and maintains products associated with the Uniswap protocol. Uniswap Labs can generate revenue through compliant front-end user products based on the open protocol.

History of Uniswap (UNI)

Genesis and Uniswap V1 (2016-2018)

Uniswap's inception traces back to 2016, inspired by Vitalik Buterin's vision for a decentralized exchange. Operationalized by Hayden Adams in 2018 with a $100,000 grant from the Ethereum Foundation, Uniswap V1 addressed liquidity challenges on order-book exchanges. Its groundbreaking concept allowed anyone to become a market maker by providing assets to a pool, earning fees based on trading activity.

Uniswap V2: Expanding Horizons (2018-2020)

Launched in May 2020, Uniswap V2 expanded on its predecessor, introducing ERC-20/ERC-20 swaps, price oracles, and flash swaps. The upgrade enhanced liquidity provider flexibility, decentralized price feeds, and transaction efficiency, fostering a more dynamic and accessible ecosystem.

Uniswap V3: Tailored Liquidity and Multiplicity (2020-2021)

May 2021 marked the arrival of Uniswap V3, focusing on concentrated liquidity and multiple fee tiers. This upgrade empowered liquidity providers with granular control over capital allocation, optimizing risk and reward. The introduction of diverse fee options enhanced compensation based on varying degrees of risk per asset pair.

Uniswap V4: Pioneering Customization (2021-2023)

Unveiled in June 2023, Uniswap V4 builds on the success of V3, ushering in a new era of customization. Notable features include customizable liquidity with hooks, action hooks for expressive control, and efficient singleton architecture to reduce gas costs. Uniswap V4 brings back native ETH support, eliminating the need for wrapping before trading, and introduces a governance model for community-driven decision-making.

UniswapX :Interface Fees, Future Frontiers and Beyond (2023 Onward)

In July 2023, UniswapX emerged, currently in beta on Ethereum and poised for expansion. Interface fees were introduced in October 2023, providing sustainable funding for Uniswap Labs. The team continues to explore new frontiers, with Uniswap V4 anticipated post-Ethereum's Dencun upgrade in early 2024, promising further innovation in the decentralized exchange landscape.

How Does Uniswap (UNI) Work?

How does the Uniswap protocol compare to a typical market?

The Uniswap protocol is a decentralized exchange system that operates on the Ethereum blockchain. It differs from a typical market in several ways.

Firstly, Uniswap is a permissionless protocol, meaning that anyone can participate as a market maker and earn fees . This is in contrast to traditional exchanges, which often have gatekeepers that can exclude certain projects or users.

Additionally, Uniswap operates on an automated market maker (AMM) model, specifically the constant product AMM. This means that the protocol enforces that the product of the two asset reserves must always remain constant In a traditional market, market makers set the prices based on supply and demand, whereas in Uniswap, the prices are determined algorithmically based on the ratio of the asset reserves .

Finally, Uniswap V3 introduced the concept of concentrated liquidity, where liquidity providers can choose a price range within which their liquidity will be concentrated. This allows for tighter spreads and increased capital efficiency for LPs . In a traditional market, liquidity providers do not have this level of control over their liquidity provision . Uniswap V3 also offers different fee structures for different price ranges, allowing LPs to earn higher fees when the market is trading within their chosen range . This is a unique feature of Uniswap and is not typically seen in traditional markets .

How does the Uniswap V2 protocol work?

Operating on open-source principles, Uniswap V2 employs a constant product formula, ensuring trustless, secure, and censorship-resistant transactions. Each smart contract oversees liquidity pools for two ERC-20 tokens, enabling anyone to become a liquidity provider (LP) by depositing equivalent values in return for pro-rata LP shares.

Uniswap V2's "constant product" formula, expressed as x * y = k, maintains pair reserve balances during trades. A 0.30% fee, added to reserves, benefits LPs, with potential evolution to a 0.25% fee and a 0.05% protocol-wide charge. Flash swaps allow fee-free ERC-20 token withdrawals, executing arbitrary code, and payment at transaction completion.

With a core/helper architecture, Uniswap V2 enhances flexibility and modularity. Technical improvements include a shift to Solidity, CREATE2 for deterministic pool addresses, and adept handling of "missing return" ERC-20 tokens. Sustainability is emphasized through a protocol charge mechanism activated by decentralized governance.

How does the Uniswap V3 protocol work?

Uniswap v3 introduces concentrated liquidity, allowing liquidity providers (LPs) to allocate funds within custom price ranges, increasing capital efficiency. Unlike previous versions, LPs can create multiple positions per pool, shaping individualized price curves. The concept of ticks, boundaries between price intervals, ensures active liquidity, and LPs can create non-fungible positions with specific fee tiers.

Capital efficiency is evident as LPs can provide the same liquidity depth as Uniswap v2 with significantly less capital, optimizing risk exposure. The introduction of range orders enables LPs to set price-specific limits, enhancing trading flexibility. Positions are represented as non-fungible tokens, and flexible fee tiers (0.05%, 0.30%, and 1.00%) accommodate various pair volatilities. Governance can activate protocol fees, with flexibility between 10% and 25% of LP fees.

Additionally, Uniswap v3 features advanced oracles, improving time-weighted average price (TWAP) calculations over a 9-day period with reduced gas costs compared to v2.

Overall, Uniswap v3 aims to enhance LP control, capital efficiency, and trading flexibility in decentralized finance.

How does the Uniswap V4 protocol work?

A pivotal feature of Uniswap V4 is the introduction of "hooks," external contracts that enable liquidity providers to customize Automated Market Maker (AMM) pools. These hooks execute specific logic at crucial points in a pool's lifecycle, facilitating innovations like dynamic fees, on-chain limit orders, and time-weighted average market makers (TWAMM).

The protocol supports eight action hooks, offering expressive control during execution. Fees on swapping and liquidity withdrawal can be managed by hooks, providing flexibility in allocating fees to various parties, including liquidity providers and swappers. Uniswap V4 adopts an efficient "singleton" contract architecture, centralizing all pools within a single smart contract, resulting in substantial gas savings for pool creation and multi-pool swaps. Flash accounting further enhances efficiency by transferring assets only on net balances, reducing gas costs.

Additionally, Uniswap V4 reintroduces support for native ETH in trading pairs, eliminating the need for users to wrap ETH before trading.

Token Economics

Token Utilities

UNI, the governance token of Uniswap, serves various purposes within the ecosystem. Initially allocated to community members, team, investors, and advisors, UNI holders enjoy governance rights to influence decisions through proposals. Liquidity mining programs incentivize users, providing a share of UNI rewards proportional to their participation. The Timelock feature ensures a methodical upgrade pattern with specified time delays. Furthermore, the Community Treasury, funded by UNI allocations, supports ongoing initiatives, grants, and liquidity mining, promoting continuous contribution and participation in the Uniswap ecosystem.

Token Distribution

1 billion UNI have been minted at genesis and will become accessible over the course of 4 years.

Why Is Uniswap (UNI) Valuable?

Uniswap (UNI) is a valuable cryptocurrency due to its strong product-market fit, revenue generation, and potential for future value accrual. Despite some criticisms regarding its lack of direct value accrual and utility, Uniswap has established itself as a leader in the decentralized finance (DeFi) space.

One of the key factors contributing to Uniswap's value is its revenue generation. Uniswap has consistently generated significant revenue, which is organic and real, not due to token incentives. This revenue is primarily distributed to liquidity providers (LPs), which incentivizes liquidity provision on the platform. While this revenue does not directly benefit UNI token holders, it demonstrates the sticky user base and the platform's ability to generate sustainable revenue.

Additionally, Uniswap has found a strong product-market fit, making it the go-to choice for investors seeking to swap Ethereum and ERC-20 tokens. It boasts high liquidity and minimal slippage, which are crucial factors for traders. Furthermore, Uniswap's brand value is strong, and it enjoys a significant market share in the decentralized exchange (DEX) space . Its immutable nature and efficient volume growth have also contributed to its success.

However, it is important to note that UNI token holders do not currently benefit directly from the platform's revenue. The token's sole use case is participation in the governance process. This has led to discussions about implementing a fee switch that would allow token holders to benefit from the platform's revenue. If implemented successfully, this could increase the value of the UNI token and provide a direct advantage for token holders.

Highlights

  • Feb 2023: Uniswap announces support for purchasing NFTs with ERC-20 tokens other than ETH, expanding options for users in its NFT marketplace.
  • Mar 2023: Uniswap introduces Mini Portfolio, allowing users to intuitively view their token holdings, NFTs, activities, and LP pools.
  • Jul 2023: Uniswap unveils UniswapX, a non-custodial protocol based on Dutch auctions, aiming to aggregate liquidity sources, prevent MEV, and offer gas-free swaps.
  • Sep 2023: Uniswap introduces Swap Protection in Uniswap Wallet to prevent front-running and sandwich attacks; Uniswap Foundation launches "Uniswap University," an educational platform catering to beginners and experienced Uniswap v3 liquidity providers.
  • Nov 2023: Institutional-grade crypto trading platform Talos integrates with Uniswap, marking Uniswap Labs' first integration with an enterprise-level API; Uniswap officially launches its mobile app for Android users, enhancing accessibility and matching the exchange experience for millions.

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